What is the Wing Chun Punch?

Wing Chun Punch

Have you ever dreamt of being in a Bruce Lee movie like I have? Bruce Lee’s original martial art was Wing Chun Kung Fu. That’s what recently drew me to begin studying the art. One of the moves that I tend to notice the most in Bruce Lee and other Kung Fu movies is the vertical Wing Chun Punch. Despite watching these movies over and over, I STILL didn’t know how to punch like this. So I decided to search the web before I began taking a class, to learn how to do Wing Chun Punch. That research along with what I learned from my sifu is the nuts and bolts of this artile. Below I’ll go through the different types of Wing Chun punches (like chain punching), how to punch correctly and the advantages the Wing Chun punch has.

But what is the Wing Chun Punch? The two different kinds of the Wing Chun punch that people think of are the chain punch / chain punching and the one inch punch.

Chain Punches are rapid fire punches which attack the opponent’s centerline. When chain punching, think of having two guns which take turns quickly attacking. So chain punching is the act of your hands trading places… as one hand attacks the other hand backs it up and gets ready to attack. 

The One-Inch Punch, made popular by Bruce Lee, involves harnessing the power of larger muscles and linking the joints into one tiny spot. It delivers a tremendous amount of force from only an inch away from the opponent.

Is your Wing Chun punch working?

According to Enter Shaolin, one of the first things you learn in Wing Chun is throwing a proper straight punch.

Seems pretty simple, right?

Well, it is a lot more intimidating than you think. The Wing Chun punch, if done properly, feels like stabbing someone with a sword or a knife. The feeling is very painful and penetrating if you ask anyone that’s been punched by it! Beginners are warned that being too tense and not connecting with the body correctly will have a negative impact on their punch.

Don’t worry, we’ve got this!

We’ll go over some steps to punch properly so our punches can deliver maximum impact.

Speed, Energy, and Strength The One, Two, Punch!

The Wing Chun Punch consist of speed, energy, and hand strength according to the London Wing Chun Academy.This is quite an important move since it is associated with The Six Harmonies.(wrist, elbow, shoulder, hip, knee, and ankle). The punch is quite faster than other punches because it is in a shorter distance between 2 points. Having acceleration in the strike will be more successful. Through relaxation and structure you’ll be able to build tremendous energy. How your knuckles are structured during the strike is critical for the impact it can cause. Having a vertical fist is important, with a horizontal fist you are more prone to injuries and severe damage in the knuckles. Your hand strength can be developed through striking a Wing Chun wall bag. Here are some steps to help you punch:

  1. Elbow in and down where it is behind the fist to perform a straight line pushing forward.
  2. Have a vertical fist instead of horizontal, as it is stronger.
  3. Shoulders down to make sure you are getting energy from your latissimus dorsi muscle.
  4. Relax.
  5. Imagine your impact point. You don’t want to just hit but want to punch through a couple the target.
  6. Slow down and practice.  

So you have the steps, but does this move really make an impact?

Advantages of the Wing Chun Punch

There are many advantages that come with learning the Wing Chun Punch (also known as the Chain Punch and referred to as the machine gun of punches), but don’t forget that it’s only one part of self defense training. To learn more you can visit this self defense training article.   According to Wing Chun Life there are many benefits to the Wing Chun Chain Punch, such as invisible speed, interruptibility, trapping, accuracy, and power. When this strike is done correctly it is quick enough to look like a blur.. Interruptibility means you can use it to attack, retreat, counter-attack, defend, and block. Trapping is kind of like a machine gun, where you are punching in rapid succession. But it also gives you the opportunity to block or cover your target’s arm as you are attacking. With the techniques of interruptibility and the straightness of the punch causes the strike to be more accurate. If the strike is done right, it is more powerful than any other punches, where your target will be able to feel the punch even hours later after it has happened.  

Bruce Lee’s One Inch Punch

From only an inch away (or less!), Bruce Lee was able to deliver an explosive blow that could knock an opponent off of the ground. If you’re like me, you have probably wondered how in the world this is possible? Well, it turns out that there is quite a bit of science behind it!

Let’s start with the biomechanics of the punch. Although Lee’s fist travels a very small distance in less than a second, the punch involves complete full-body movement that starts with the legs. Upon closer observation, you can see that his legs straighten with an explosive knee extension. The quick jerk of his legs increases the twisting speed of his hips. This action causes his the shoulder of his thrusting arm forward, thus driving his fist forward. At the final moment of the punch, Lee flicks his wrist to further increase fist velocity. After landing his punch, Lee retreats immediately, compressing the force and making a greater impact.

By the time the one inch punch has made contact, Lee has combined the power of bigger muscles into a tiny area of force. Strength is less of a factor, as coordination and timing are truly vital to making the one inch punch work. Lee must combine his movements so that each period of acceleration follows the last one instantly. So now we know that coordination is key.

 My Sifu also has a pretty amazing one inch punch of his own!

How Can I Learn the One-Inch Punch?

The One-Inch punch takes practice and skill developed over time. However, by following the steps below and practicing on a consistent basis, I think we all have a shot at being able to execute this awesome punch!

  • From a natural stance, turn around 30 degrees with the arm used to perform the punch (i.e. if using the right hand, the right leg should be slightly forward)
  • Raise the right hand up to the target which should be around chest height
  • Stand close but not too close to the target, preventing an over-extension of the arm. The upper part of the arm should be only slightly extended from the natural vertical position
  • Extend all four fingers and touch your opponent with your fingertips
  • Keeping the arm relaxed and at the same distance from the target, retract the fingers and form a loose fist. You must keep the arm relaxed and fist loose. A tremendous amount of power generated to perform the punch comes from the sudden tensing and clenching of the fist.
  • Focus all of your attention and energy on a point slightly beyond the center of the target. Punch by simultaneously thrusting and slightly extending the upper part of the arm while tensing the whole arm (forearm especially) and clenching the fist tight.
  • Always have a safe landing area for your opponent

The Wing Chun Chain Punch

My Sifu, Adam Williss, said that “the action of chain punching is the basis of Wing Chun” and that “chi sao is only their to get back to chain punching”. In his video, How to Chain Punch (Tutorial), he states that chain punching is about chaining your attacks. They are a continuous onslaught of an attack, like a machine gun. 

Here is my Sifu’s Chain Punching tutorial:


 

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